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Pimples, Blackheads, & Whiteheads: What’s the Difference?

All Different Types of Pimples

Disorders of the Sebaceous (Oil) Glands


  Contents in This Article


What is Acne?

What is a Blackhead or Comedone?

What is a Whitehead or Mila?

What is the difference between a Whitehead & Blackhead?

What is Seborrhea?

What is Asteatosis?

What is Rosacia?

What is Stetoma?


Disorders of the Sudoriferous (Sweat) Glands



Inflammations of the Skin


Miliaria rubra


Inflammations of the Skin



Herpes Simplex


Disorders of the Sebaceous (Oil) Glands


Acne: Pimples & Zits:

Sooner or later, almost all kids get something called acne.  You might call them pimples or zits.  Some people call them Blemishes.  Whatever you call acne, nobody wants it.  Pimples are a part of growing up. They usually appear when you are between the ages of 12 and 17, but they can appear earlier or later than this.  You might be lucky and only get a few pimples.  You might get more than a few.  Or you might get big bumps that hurt and cover a large area of your face.  If you’re like a lot of kids, you might be embarrassed by your break outs with pimples.  Maybe you don’t raise your hand in class or try to avoid being seen in school, or you might get shy around that cute guy near your locker. Your pimples probably make you sad and feel very self-conscious – and you don’t even want to talk to your best friends. A lot of kids don’t realize there is something you can do about the pimples.  You might just need to change the way you wash your face.  Gently washing twice a day with the right products can help.



To see what products are best for your type of skin.

 We have acne treatments right here on:

that are Natural & Holistic.  They will not harm you and they will help you to overcome those nasty pimples. If your pimples don’t go away or they really bug you, you mom or dad can call a Licensed Professional Esthetician to help you get your acne in control.  If you don’t have a Licensed Esthetician you can get in touch with


                        We will help you to find one in your area.


The Difference Between a White Head and A Black Head!

 A White Head  

Has oils that don’t come to the surface of your skin and they stay down in the skin.  The oils get hard and stay under the skin.  The Pimple stays white because it does not have any air (oxygen) touching it, so it stays white.


A Black Head

As soon as the Blackheads oils hit the surface of the Skin, the air hits the oil and it stays Black.


Any pimple that stays below the surface stays white because it wasn’t oxidized by the air.  Any pimple that comes above the surface is automatically oxidized by the air and becomes black.


Papules and Pustuales

Sometimes the pores get so irritated their walls break down.  That causes bigger pimples that are called papules and pustules.  Papules are hard when you touch them. A crowd of papules that are near each other can make your skin feel like sandpaper.  Pustules are like papules except they are yellowish, and have liquid pus that fills them and makes them puff out.  Papules and Pustules can be treated by a Licensed Professional Esthetician.  You must have the proper cleansers, lotions and sprays.


Contact at:

 Let us help you find a True Professional who cares about you.


Nodules and Cysts

When blocked pores get more irritated, they get even bigger, and go deeper into your skin, too.  They can really hurt.  Nodules are hard.  Cysts have pus and are softer.  If you have these, you might be embarrassed to see people or go out into public.  If you have nodules or cysts, you should make an appointment with your Professional Esthetician as soon as possible. The Skin Professional can use many treatments so you are not stuck with these pimples or embarrassing situations.  After the pimples go away, they might leave a red or dark mark on your skin.  These marks fade away, but it might take a few weeks or months, depending on the severity of the pimples.  Sometimes you get permanent scarring from pimples.  The scars can be bumps or dents in your skin.  See your Licensed Skin Care Professional to help you with fading those scars or discussing different options to make them less visible. There are a few options, such as Chemical Peels, washes, lotions and other treatments that can help.


 There are several common disorders of the sebaceous (oil) glands that your Licensed Professional will be able to understand and identify.


A Comedone (KAHM-uh-dohn)

Known as a Blackhead, is a wormlike mass of hardened sebum in a hair follicle.  Comedones appear most frequently on the face, especially on the forehead and nose. When the hair follicle is filled with an excess of oil from the Sebaceous Gland, a Blackhead forms and creates a blockage at the mouth of the follicle.  Blackheads should be removed under sterile conditions using proper extraction procedures. Many people that find these Blackheads on their Skin take them out improperly and cause several problems, by infecting the area because there were no sterile procedures addressed before or after.  Let a Licensed Professional remove any disorders from your skin, as not to cause any obstructions or infections to the areas being addressed.


Milia (MIL-ee-uh)

These are also called Whiteheads are small whitish, pear-like masses in the epidermis, due to retention of sebum.  They can occur on any part of the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders. Milia are associated with fine-textured, Dry Types of Skin.


Acne (AK-nee)

This is a skin disorder characterized by Chronic Inflammation of the sebaceous glands from retained secretions.  It occurs most frequently on the face, back, and chest.  Acne, or common pimples, is also known as acne simplex or acne vulgaris.

There are two basic types of Acne: Simple Acne and the more serious Acne Vulgaris.  It is always advisable for the client to have the conditions examined and diagnosed by a Licensed Esthetician that will address all your Skin Care disorders. 


Seborrhea (seb-oh-Ree-ah)

A Skin condition caused by an abnormal increase of secretion from the sebaceous glands.  An oily or shinny condition indicates the presence of Seborrhea.   (This means the gland is producing an abnormal, overly abundant amount of oil to the gland.)  Seborrheic Dermatitis is a Skin condition that creates and itchy, red rash.  Also known as seborrheic, eczema or seborrheic Psoriasis, it mainly affects the scalp.  Cradle cap is medically known as infantile Seborrheic Dermatitis, whereas the dandruff is another common term for its symptoms.  The skin condition can also appear in other oily places such as the chest, back, and parts of the face.  A link between the heavy production of sebum and skin yeast in these areas might be the cause of the symptoms.  Babies, elderly, and everyone in between can experience Seborrhea Dermatitis.  For Some people, reoccurring treatments are necessary.


Signs and Conditions that Occur from Seborrhea

Dry Skin Flakes, Yellow – Greasy Scales, Peeling and Burning, Red – Itchy Patches. There are treatments to consider. Go to


 Asteatosis (As-tee-ah-TOH-sis)

A condition of dry, scaly skin due to a deficiency or absence of sebum, caused by old age and by exposure to the cold.


Rosacea (roh-ZAY-shee-uh)

Formerly called acne rosacea, is a chronic congestion appearing primarily on the cheeks and nose, characterized by redness, dilation of the blood vessels, and the formation of papules and pustules.  The cause of rosacea is unknown, but certain factors are known to aggravate the condition in some individuals.  These include Spicy Foods, Caffeine, Alcohol, exposure to extremes of heat and cold or sunlight, and stress.

Here is another tip: Don’t allow the water in the shower to hit your face, it breaks down the capillaries under the skin.  Also try to use cool water in the shower.  It will calm the rosacea down and also help keep the skin from turning red.  It is also healthier.

One more thing to remember if you have Rosacea:

Stay away from night shades: Tomatoes, Wine, Egg Plant, Goji Berries and anything that is acidic.  This will help in staying away from the flare-ups.


Steatoma (stee-ah-TOH-muh)

Sebaceous Cyst or fatty tumor.  It is filled with sebum and ranges in size from a pea to an orange. It usually appears on the scalp, neck, and back.  A Steatoma is sometimes called a wen.


Disorders of the Sudoriferous (Sweat) Glands


Anhidrosis (an-hih-DROH-sis)     

Deficiency in perspiration, often a result of a fever or certain skin diseases.  It requires medical treatment.


Bromhidrosis (bro-mih-DROH-sis)

There is a foul smelling perspiration, usually noticeable in the armpits or on the feet.


Hyperhidrosis (hy-per-hy-DROH-sis)

Excessive sweating, caused by heat or general body weakness.  Medical treatment is required.


 Miliaria rubra (mil-ee-AIR-ee-ah ROOB-rah)

Prickly Heat;  Acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands, characterized by the eruption of small red vesicles and accompanied by burning , itching, skin.  It is caused by exposure to excessive heat.


 Inflammation of the Skin

Eczema (EG-zuh-muh)

An inflammatory, painful, itching disease of the skin, acute or chronic in nature, presenting many forms of dry or moist lesions.  All cases of eczema should be referred to a Physician for treatment. Its cause is unknown.


Herpes Simplex (HER-peez-SIM-pleks)   

A fever blister or cold sore; recurring viral infection.  It is characterized by the eruption of single vesicle or group of vesicles on a red swollen base.  The blisters usually appear on the lips, nostrils, or other parts of the face, and rarely last more than a week.  It is highly contagious.


Psoriasis (suh-RY-uh-sis)

A skin disease characterized by red patches, covered with white-silver scales usually found on the scalp, elbows, knees, chest, and lower back.  It rarely occurs on the face.  If irritated, bleeding points occur.  It is not contagious.


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